Is One of the most popular types of poker, which is derived from the traditional hold’em. Omaha Hi is considered a more aggressive game, requiring of at least some experience presence. When a player is dealt, they receive a greater number of hole cards than in hold’em, which makes the outcome of the game less predictable. If you have already mastered the basic rules of poker games and Texas Hold’em in particular, then the study of Omaha will not cause you any difficulty.
Types of betting limits:
- Limit / Fixed-Limit Omaha (abbr. FL or FLO) – the maximum and minimum bet size is strictly limited;
- Pot Limit / Pot Limit Omaha (abbr. PL or PLO) – the maximum bet cannot exceed the current size of the bank;
- No limit / No-Limit Omaha (abbr. NL or NLO) – the maximum bet is not limited and can reach the full stack (all-in).
Omaha Hi uses 10 traditional high combinations. The player needs to collect the strongest “hand” from 5 cards or make a bet that no one can equalize. When dealing, players receive 4 pocket cards each. In each game round as in Hold’em, 5 more common open cards are added, which form a “board”. The peculiarity of Omaha is that the player can use only one combination of cards to form a combination: 2 pocket + 3 common and nothing else. So be careful! Incorrect distribution of cards is the most common mistake for beginners in Omaha.
Button and required bets
Before the cards are dealt, the players form the initial pot. They use required blind bets in Omaha Hi for this – the Small and Big Blind. The players who bet the blinds are determined by the dealer button – a chip with the letter D. The player sitting to the left of the button always places the Small Blind. The player following him has to bet the Big Blind, means, twice as much. More information about the purpose of the button and required bets can be found in general poker rules.
The amount of blind bets depends on the type of limit chosen. In Omaha with a fixed limit, the Big Blind is equal to one minimum bet, while the small one is half of the minimum bet or slightly more. For example, in the game “Omaha FL $ 5 / $ 10”, the Big Blinde will be $ 5, and the small – $ 3. It is worth noting that in the pot-limit and unlimited Omaha blinds are also indicated in the game name, but read differently. In the game Omaha NL $ 2 / $ 4, the Small Blind will be $ 2, and the large – $ 4.
After making the required bets, the cards are distributed. Each player, starting with the Small Blind, receives four pocket hole cards. Now players can proceed to the first round of betting. The actions in the trade, as well as Omaha Hi stages are completely identical to Texas Hold’em.
Pass or Fold means to draw cards. In this way, the player may refuse to fight for the bank in the current distribution.
Bet – make a bet if no one has made in the current round.
Call – means to equal bet, to call, to answer. Make a bet equal to the previous one.
Raise – raise, means, put more than previous players.
Check – it’s a pass in the current round of bidding, but not giving up the fight for a common bank. A Check can be made if no bets have been made in this round of betting or this player has already placed the Blind, which does not need to be called. If all players have made Check, the round is considered to be completed.
All-in – it’s a bet on the entire stack (all player chips). Used only in no-limit game.
All players in this round have only three actions: Pass – exit from the game, as well as calling or raising the Big Blind. A player to the left of the Big Blind opens the betting round. Further, the right to decide is transferred from one player to another in a clockwise direction and ends at the player who placed the Big Blind. Trading continues until all active players equalize their bets.
The next stage of the game begins with the delivery of three common open cards, which are called the “flop”. The right to open a trade belongs to the first active player to the left of the button. Two actions are available to him: Bet – the first bet in a betting round or a Check.
If a player chooses a Check, then the right to decide is transferred to the next active player. If all players make a Check, the round is considered to be completed. If the player chooses a Bet, therefore he opened the betting and other players can only make even a bet – Call, Bet more – raise or make a pass. As in pre-flop, Trading continues until all active players equalize their bets.
The “turn” is added to the three common cards – the fourth open card. Players will break into a new round of betting, which opens the first active player to the left of the dealer button. The rules and actions remain the same as on the flop.
Before the start of the next round of betting, the fifth community card, the river, is dealt. This is the last card players receive in the current hand. A round of betting follows the same rules as on the flop and turn. If all active players have equalized the bets, the final stage of the game begins.
Autopsy or showdown
According to the results of this stage, the winner of the distribution is determined and, therefore, the owner of a common bank. Do not forget that a combination of cards formed of only two pocket and three common board cards can be a winning one. The last player which made a Raise starts the showdown. But if there were no bets, then the right to start the showdown first belongs to the player to the left of the button. Combinations of opponents are equal in strength – the bank is divided in half.
Features of Omaha based on the type of limit:
- fixed limit – preflop and flop all bets, including Raises, do not exceed the size of the Big Blind (OmahaFL $ 2 / $ 4). On the Turn and River, bet size doubles, that means, go to the upper limit. (OmahaFL $ 2 / $ 4). Each round of betting allows for no more than four Raises: Bet, Raise, Re-raise, and Kep (another raise).
- unlimited – throughout the game, the bets size and the number of raises is not limited. Also, the player can go All-in, that means, play the entire stack (All-in). The minimum bet should be equal to the Big Blind, and the minimum Raise should be the previous bet, doubled. For example, in Omaha NL $ 5, the size of the minimum bet and the Big Blind is $ 5. Therefore, the minimum Raise should be $ 5 and the final bet amount will be $ 10.k
- spot limit – the minimum bet in the game is equal to the Big Blind, and the maximum bet is limited to the current size of the pot. The minimum Raise is the previous bet: if a player puts a bet of $ 5, then the minimum Raise of the next player must be $ 5 and the final bet amount will be at least $ 10. The maximum raise in Pot-Limit Omaha is equal to the current pot size: the total pot + the sum of all the bets of this round + the Call that the player has to make before the Raise.
For example, it will look like this. In the current round, the pot size was $ 100. The player makes the first bet – the maximum bet is $ 100. The next clockwise player wants to Raise, but before that he has to call the previous player’s bet – $ 100. Taking into account the bets made, the amount of the current bank has grown to $ 300, and this player now needs to raise to $ 300. In this example, the player’s maximum raise was $ 400 (the call of the previous bet is $ 100 + the total bank raise is $ 300). The number of raises in pot-limit Omaha is unlimited.