There are many poker varieties in the world, which obey the general rules and have a number of features. The number of players in poker can vary from 2 to 10, as well as the number of cards in the deck – from 32 to 54, but most often the game uses a standard deck of 52 cards. The main goal of the players is the “bank”, formed from general rates. You can break a bank in two ways: show the most powerful poker hand at the showdown or force opponents to leave the game with a bet that no one can call. The outcome of the game depends, not so much on the cards that have fallen out during the hand, but on the player’s skills, strategy, soberly assessing their chances of winning.
Dealing – this is one draw of the bank, which begins with mandatory bets and dealt cards, accompanied by several rounds of betting and ends with the determination of the winner who broke the bank. Quite often, a dealing in poker is called a “hand”, but you should be careful, as this term can be used in another sense. Also, “hand” in poker is a combination of cards collected by a specific player. In this case, the player can say that he had a “weak hand” in the previous dealing. Combinations in poker are formed using “pocket” and “common” cards, which in the first case are dealt to everyone, and in the second, are laid out on the table in front of all players. The number of common and pocket cards depends on the type of poker.
Any poker game starts with mandatory bets, the main purpose of which is to create an initial pot. The presence of money on the table increases the interest in the game and stimulates the players to further struggle. In poker varieties such as Stud or Razz, the required bet is called “ante”. Each player must deposit it before the cards are dealt. Hold’em and Omaha have two mandatory bets – the “small blind” (½ of the minimum bid) and the “big blind” (one minimum bet). For example, if the minimum bet in this game is $ 10, the player in the big blind must bet the same amount, and the small blind will be $ 5. Players, who bets on blind are identified by a chip with the letter D, which is called the “dealer button”.
Each hand is accompanied by a “button” transfer to a new player. In real casinos or online poker, the player doesn’t produce any hands, since this dealer’s position is conditional. According to it, it is customary to determine the players who will make the line in the current distribution. The first player to the left of the batton always places the small blind, the next player places the big blind. With each new deal, the baton moves to the next player in a clockwise direction. After the players have formed the starting bank, the dealing of pocket cards takes place. Each player has the first opportunity to estimate the height of the poker hand and decide whether to continue to trade or leave the game.
This is perhaps the most important and interesting part of the game. Trading takes place in several stages: they are often called rounds or streets (eng. Street). Each round of trade is accompanied by the dealing of community cards and change in the game situation, which forces one player to abandon the struggle for a common bank, and stimulates the other to continue trading. During trading, players can use several poker game options:
- Pass or Fold means to draw cards or fold. In this way, the player may refuse to fight for the bank in the current distribution.
- Bet – make a bet, if no one has bet in the current round.
- Call – call, equalize, answer. Make a bet equal to the previous one.
- Raise – raise, means to, put more than previous players.
- Check is a pass in the current round of betting, but not a rejection of the struggle for a common bank. A check can be made if no bets have been made in this round of betting or this player has already placed the blind, which does not need to be called. If all players check, the round is considered to be completed.
- All-in – a bet on the entire stack (all player chips). Used only in no-limit game.
Each round of betting is considered completed only if all the opponents remaining in the game level up the stakes. The number of poker rounds of trading depends on the type of poker. So, for example, the rules of Hold’em, Omaha and Courchevel provide for 4 rounds of trading, which begin with the dealing of pocket cards – preflop and common cards – flop, turn and river. In games such as Stud or Razz, they often use the term “streets” and call them according to their order number: third street, fourth street, etc. The final stage of the poker game is called “showdown”, according to which the winner of the hand is determined. They become the player whose poker hand at the showdown turned out to be the best or the one who with the help of bets or bluff-bets was able to take opponents out of the game.
It should be noted that the value of the bets throughout the game must correspond to the limit chosen by the player:
- Limit – the size of any bets, as well as a raise is limited;
- Pot Limit – the amount of the bet is not lower than the minimum and not higher than the current size of the bank;
- No limit – the amount of the bet is not lower than the minimum and can go all-in.
- Mixed Limit – in each deal the type of limit changes from fixed to unlimited and vice versa.